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PRINCIPLE ARMAMENT - BATTERY SMITH


Battery Smith's south casemate as it appears today.  Battery Smith currently serves as a motor pool for the park's large beach maintenance equipment, as well as artifact storage for the coming museum.
Photo Credit: Nate Davidson

 

Related Documents

Operated by:  Battery B, 261st Coast Artillery

Construction on Battery Smith was approved on 20 April, 1934, but appropriations were not made until the FY1941 and FY1942 budgets.  It was the last of the "early construction batteries" and featured a recessed main gallery and a full burster cap.  Until it was formally named, the structure was known as "Construction Number 118."  Battery Smith was transferred on 21 December, 1943 at a cost of $1.3 million dollars.  The first gun was mounted on 4 December, 1942, with the second following shortly thereafter.  Smith featured a separate plotting room which would allow the battery to continue to function in the event of an attack on the battery itself.  It was deleted in 1948 and serves today as artifact storage for Fort Miles as well as a massive maintenance facility for Cape Henlopen State Park.   Battery Smith was named for Major General William R. Smith, US Army.

FM 4-86 SOP 16" Gun
Range Table
Report of Completed Works (PDF)

 

Floor Plan

Armament
The table to the right gives statistical data for the 16 inch and the ordnance fired.
Information source: Fort Miles Archives

This is the only known photograph of Battery Smith's guns in existence.
Photo credit: Donald Hazen

16 Inch Gun MKII-M1 on Barbette Carriage M4 (Casemated)

Number Produced 46

Ordnance Data

Caliber 16 inches Projectile Weight AP - 2240 lbs
Weight 1,172,500 lbs w/shield Projectile Length 71.5 inches
Powder Charge 670 lbs Stored at Battery AP - 200 rounds
Powder Bags Weight - 111.66 lbs ea
Length - 16.5" ea
Width - 16" ea
Central Storage
(Not at battery)
AP - 100 rounds
Muzzle Velocity 2750 fps Battery Allowance AP - 200 rounds
Maximum Range 45,150 yds War Reserve AP - 300 rounds
Elevation -3 to +47 degrees

Table Legend

AP - Armor Piercing

Traverse 145 degrees
Crew 42
Barrel Life 175 rounds
Report of Completed Works

General

Utilities (cont'd)

Battery Commenced 24 MAR 1941 Electrical Source Battery Power Room
Battery Completed 31 OCT 1942 Installed by Ordnance
Date of Transfer 21 DEC 1943 Electrical Characteristics Voltage: 460 AC   Phase: 3
Cost to Date $1,326,000.00 No of Units and Capacity 3 units at 250 KVA each
Construction Material Reinforced Concrete Max KW req'd for utils. 25
Battery New or Modernized NEW Max KW req'd for non battle conditions 75
Trunnion Elevation in Battery 24.667 Commercial power provided YES   Capacity: 75 KVA

Utilities

Auxiliary power unit NO
Water Source City of Lewes, Delaware Type of Lighting Fixtures Water Tight
Alternate Water Source Well system installed. Dehumidifying Unit York 24,000 BTU per hour
Size of Main 6 inches How Ventilated Muffler Gallery
Connected to Sewer YES How Heated Hot Water System in Power Room
Type of Disposal Septic Tank    
Type of Latrine Gas Proof    
Support Structures
Plotting Room: Plotting Room Battery Smith
Fire Control Towers: FCT #1, FCT #2, FCT #4, FCT #6, FCT #8, FCT #24, FCT #25, FCT #26
Radars (SCR-296A): Set 1, Set 4, Set 5

 

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